HYBRIDS FLOWERS as the name suggests, are the result of a crossbreeding either pure strains or other hybrids into a new strain. One of the earliest hybrids is known as “Skunk”. This is the first known crossing of an indica and sativa, but it was certainly not the last.
Strains are bred primarily for:
Many hybrids are a mix of both indica and sativa “parents”. This allows breeders to determine the kind of impact the strain will have. Going for a couch-lock? Try an indica-dominant strain. Seeking cerebral creativity? Look for sativa-dominant strains. Want an autoflowering strain? That will be a hybrid of a ruderalis, plus another strain. As medical research expands, more and more breeds are being created to sustain specific concentrations of certain cannabinoids. Many strains of cannabis will maximise THC or CBD. Medical cannabis for children, for example, is bred from specific hybrid strains of cannabis that will always contain low levels of THC, but high amounts of CBD.
Growing in or outdoors imposes its own restrictions on cultivator choice. Sativas grow tall and tree-like. Indicas tend to be shrubby. However, hybrids can be selected for size, bushiness, and other features. Some sativa hybrids, in other words, can be mistaken for indicas.
These strains are all crossed at some point with a ruderalis parent. What this means is that your plant will bloom regardless of hours of light exposure.
Some plants are more resinous than others. Hybrids are specifically crossed for their resin content. Indicas tend to be more resinous than sativas, but hybrids change the game here too.
Terpenes & flavonoids
As more is understood about whole plant medicine, the role of essential oils is being re-examined. Hybrids that combine essential oils have begun to appear on the market, but they are still in their early days.
Some strains of cannabis – notably indicas – come from areas of the world where temperatures are cold and the days are short. Such features can be bred into hybrids, including the ability to turn purple. Purple cannabis is a huge favourite among those in the know. These days, the trait can be bred without stressing the plant with cold air during the growing process.
Disease and pest resistance
Just like humans, some plant strains are more resistant to their environment and natural predators.
NOT ALL HYBRIDS ARE CREATED EQUAL
Developing a successful hybrid takes time and work. And not all hybrids are really the same.
This is a strain that has been grown into a plant with certain characteristics. The grower can make genetically identical clones of the plant and distribute them. A clone is the only way to ensure that the exact genetic makeup of this plant is perpetuated. However, growing conditions will greatly affect the final product.
A breeder who selects both male and female plants will breed them over and over again to stabilise specific attributes. The final stable seed will have such traits every time the seeds are grown. That said, there will always be some genetic variation.
While these can be produced more quickly than stable seed strains, they are all over the map in terms of features. Reputable seed shops will not sell unstable strains.
Many hybrids are a mix of both indica and sativa “parents”. This allows breeders to determine the kind of impact the strain will have. Going for a couch-lock? Try an indica-dominant strain. Seeking cerebral creativity? Look for sativa-dominant strains. Want an autoflowering strain? That will be a hybrid of a ruderalis, plus another strain. As medical research expands, more and more breeds are being created to sustain specific concentrations of certain cannabinoids.